In this 2015 publication by EU Kids Online focuses on the role of parental education and household income in parental mediation with digital technologies. Together, these factors capture a major source of difference and inequality across households.
“In lower income, less educated families, we found:
relatively high device ownership at home;
a generation gap in digital media expertise between parents and children, especially among immigrant families;
more restrictive parental mediation strategies regarding digital devices, yet parents who are rather ambivalent and worried about digital media;
an ‘ethic of respectful connectedness’ in parenting values.
In lower income, more educated families, we found:
a mix of media-rich and media-poor homes in terms of device ownership;
a variety of domestic circumstances with a high proportion of single-parent households;
fairly confident parents in terms of both their digital skills and thus their ability to prioritise active over restrictive mediation.
Still, knowledge of digital media brings concerns, and these parents do also operate some restrictive practices.
In higher income, more educated families, we found:
an ‘ethic of expressive empowerment’ in parenting values;
a wide range of diverse mediation practices including different strategies to manage restrictions for digital device use;
efforts to promote offline (non-digital) activities for children while limiting digital activities in the home;
parents who work with digital media, or use digital media at home, who often find that their own practices undermine their efforts to limit their children’s digital media use.”
Reat the whole report here: How_parents_of_young_children_manage_dig